- What methods to people use to achieve social and racial equality?
- How do Americans define civil rights?
TEKS for Unit 11:
2A- identify the major characteristics that define an historical era;
2B-identify the major eras in U.S. history from 1877 to the present and describe their defining characteristics;
2C- apply absolute and relative chronology through the sequencing of significant individuals, events, and time periods
2D- explain the significance of the following years as turning points: 1968-1969 (Martin Luther King Jr. assassination and U.S. lands on the moon).
9A- trace the historical development of the civil rights movement in the 19th, 20th, and 21st centuries, including the 13th, 14th, 15th, and 19th amendments;
9B- describe the roles of political organizations that promoted civil rights, including ones from African American, Chicano, American Indian, women's, and other civil rights movements;
9C- identify the roles of significant leaders who supported various rights movements, including Martin Luther King Jr., Cesar Chavez, Rosa Parks, Hector P. Garcia, and Betty Friedan;
9D- compare and contrast the approach taken by some civil rights groups such as the Black Panthers with the nonviolent approach of Martin Luther King Jr.;
9E- discuss the impact of the writings of Martin Luther King Jr. such as his "I Have a Dream" speech and "Letter from Birmingham Jail" on the civil rights movement;
9F- describe presidential actions and congressional votes to address minority rights in the United States, including desegregation of the armed forces, the Civil Rights acts of 1957 and 1964, and the Voting Rights Act of 1965;
9G- describe the role of individuals such as governors George Wallace, Orval Faubus, and Lester Maddox and groups, including the Congressional bloc of southern Democrats, that sought to maintain the status quo;
9H- evaluate changes and events in the United States that have resulted from the civil rights movement, including increased participation of minorities in the political process; and
9I- describe how litigation such as the landmark cases of Brown v. Board of Education, Mendez v. Westminster, Hernandez v. Texas, Delgado v. Bastrop I.S.D., Edgewood I.S.D. v. Kirby, and Sweatt v. Painter played a role in protecting the rights of the minority during the civil rights movement
14C- understand the effects of governmental actions on individuals, industries, and communities.
17D- identify actions of government and the private sector such as the Great Society, affirmative action, and Title IX to create economic opportunities for citizens and analyze the unintended consequences of each;
19B- explain constitutional issues raised by federal government policy changes during times of significant events, including the 1960s;
21A- analyze the effects of landmark U.S. Supreme Court decisions, including Brown v. Board of Education, and other U.S. Supreme Court decisions such as Plessy v. Ferguson, Hernandez v. Texas, Tinker v. Des Moines, Wisconsin v. Yoder, and White v. Regester;
23A- identify and analyze methods of expanding the right to participate in the democratic process, including lobbying, non-violent protesting, litigation, and amendments to the U.S. Constitution;
23B- evaluate various means of achieving equality of political rights, including the 19th, 24th, and 26th amendments and congressional acts such as the American Indian Citizenship Act of 1924
24B- evaluate the contributions of significant political and social leaders in the United States such as Thurgood Marshall.
25A- describe how the characteristics and issues in U.S. history have been reflected in various genres of art, music, film, and literature;
25B- describe both the positive and negative impacts of significant examples of cultural movements in art, music, and literature such as the Chicano Mural Movement on American society;
25C- identify the impact of popular American culture on the rest of the world over time; and
25D- analyze the global diffusion of American culture through the entertainment industry via various media.
26A- explain actions taken by people to expand economic opportunities and political rights, including those for racial, ethnic, and religious minorities as well as women, in American society;
26B- discuss the Americanization movement to assimilate immigrants and American Indians into American culture;
26C- explain how the contributions of people of various racial, ethnic, gender, and religious groups shape American culture;
26D- identify the political, social, and economic contributions of women such as Dolores Huerta to American society;